At Colquitt Regional Medical Center, a number of tests can be performed to diagnose heart function and detect abnormalities.
ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY - ACCREDITED BY ICAEL
Using sound waves, our Registered Cardiac Sonographers can look at the heart, its valves and chambers to help detect any abnormal flow of blood through the heart and record these images for the Cardiologist to interpret for your physician.
This test requires the patient to lie on their side with several EKG leads attached. Images and doppler sound waves of the blood flow through the chambers and valves are recorded to help detect abnormalities.
GXT-TREADMILL STRESS TEST
Patients are attached to the EKG monitor and walk on the treadmill to achieve their highest heart rate possible for their age. This is monitored by a nurse and the Cardiologist while this is taking place.
The results are forwarded to the ordering physician, and if any further testing is recommended, this is also forwarded to the ordering physician.
NUCLEAR CARDIOLOGY SCANNING
Patients are stressed either on a treadmill or with medication to achieve the maximum heart rate for their age. An IV is started in addition to an injection of a radioactive isotope that allows the heart to be scanned. Images are produced and sent to the cardiologist for interpretation. This test may take up to four hours to complete.
CARDIAC (HEART) CATHETERIZATION
A cardiac catheterization determines how well the heart is functioning. It is used to diagnose and treat some heart problems. This procedure provides information regarding the health of the heart including how well the heart valves work, measuring the blood flow & oxygen levels in different parts of the heart and possible heart defects.
Ankle Brachial Index (ABI)
The ankle-brachial index test is a quick, noninvasive way to check your risk of peripheral artery disease (PAD). Peripheral artery disease is a condition in which the arteries in your legs or arms are narrowed or blocked. People with peripheral artery disease are at an increased risk of heart attack, stroke, poor circulation and leg pain. The ankle-brachial index test compares your blood pressure measured at your ankle with your blood pressure measured at your arm. A low ankle-brachial index number can indicate narrowing or blockage of the arteries in your legs, increasing your risk of circulatory problems, and possibly causing heart disease or stroke.
A peripheral angiogram is a test that uses X-rays and dye to help your doctor find narrowed or blocked areas in one or more of the arteries that supply blood to your legs. The test is also called a peripheral arteriogram. Doctors use a peripheral angiogram if they think blood is not flowing well in the arteries leading to your legs or, in rare cases, to your arms. The angiogram helps you and your doctor decide if a surgical procedure is needed to open the blocked arteries. Peripheral angioplasty is one such procedure. It uses a balloon catheter to open the blocked artery from the inside.
Tilt Table Testing
The Tilt Table aids in diagnosing patients who primarily deal with frequent fainting spells, dizziness, and lightheadedness. Patients who come in for a tilt table test are secured to the table with straps while lying on their back. The table is then tilted to a range of different angles, from 30 to 80 degrees. Prior to the test, patients will have an IV inserted. Monitoring of heart rate, oxygen level, and blood pressure is done throughout the test. Having this test available on-site will allow physicians to trigger the symptoms that contribute to fainting, dizziness, and lightheadedness all while monitoring the patient to help devise a course of treatment.